Rosacea (pronounced “roh-ZAY-sha”) is a chronic skin condition characterized by redness and inflammation of the skin around the nose, cheeks, forehead, and sometimes the neck, chest, and ears. People of all ages are susceptible to it, with those between 30 and 50 years commonly affected*
Causes and Triggers of Rosacea
It is difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of rosacea. The following are potential contributing factors:
• Dilation of blood vessels in the face could be a contributing factor. However, what causes the dilation of these blood vessels is unknown.
• People affected by rosacea have a high concentration of Demodex Folliculorum (microscopic mites) on their skin. It is unclear if the mites cause rosacea or vice versa. The bacterium Bacillus oleronius found on the mites may play a role in triggering or causing the inflammation of the skin.
• Those with a fair skin tone are most prone to the condition.
• The bacterium Helicobacter pylori, found in the intestine, may lead to the inflammation of blood vessels, causing rosacea.
• Rosacea can be aggravated by factors such as extreme temperatures, humidity, exercise, sunburn, stress, alcohol, hot food and beverages, caffeine, and some medications.
• The condition can be genetic, as 30 to 40 percent of people affected also have family members with the same condition.
Signs and Symptoms of Rosacea
There are a number of primary and secondary symptoms associated with rosacea:
• Flushing or frequent blushing (the most common symptom)
• Persistent redness similar to a sunburn
• Solid bumps and pus-filled pimples, which may cause a burning or stinging sensation
• Prominent and visible inflamed blood vessels on the face
• Rhinophyma, where the skin, especially around the nose, thickens and enlarges
• Edema, or facial swelling, caused by fluid buildup in the face
• Sensitivity in the eyes, leading to irritation, watering, a bloodshot appearance, and even conjunctivitis and styes in individuals who do not get treatment on time
In some cases, the condition may clear and not reoccur for a long period.
The Best Ways to Treat Rosacea
We offer one of the most promising treatments for rosacea. This treatment, Lumecca, is one where intense pulsed light is applied to the affected areas to remove visible signs of the condition.* The scientific concept behind the procedure is known as selective photothermolysis.*
For people with a mild strain of rosacea, the condition’s appearance may resemble acne or dermatitis, causing them to misdiagnose it and not seek medical help. Even if they approach a dermatologist or a GP, there is no clinical test for it. The only way to diagnose it is by investigating the symptoms or testing the causes through smaller treatments.
While there is no cure for rosacea, people who have it can lead normal lives with a few precautionary measures. Treatment of rosacea depends on the symptoms it presents and their severity. Any visible signs of the condition can be covered with cosmetics. Topical and oral medications may be prescribed to treat pimples and redness.
By taking certain precautions, affected people can prevent the condition from worsening. Applying sunscreen before going out, avoiding foods and beverages that trigger symptoms, maintaining a gentle skincare routine, and avoiding lifestyle factors that can cause a flare-up are all effective methods to curb rosacea.
Scheduling an Appointment
At Parfaire Medical Aesthetics, we can discuss rosacea and your treatment options during a consultation. Schedule your consultation – contact our office today.
*Disclaimer* Any claims of enhancing skin, removing spots, or improving appearance cannot be guaranteed. Individual results will vary and might depend on lifestyle factors such as age, diet, exercise, sun exposure, smoking, and alcohol use.